As an antique camera expert, I have had the pleasure of working with many different types of cameras over the years. Among them, the twin-lens reflex camera is one of my favorites, and the Rolleiflex 3.5F is a particular standout. In this article, I will explore the history and features of this classic camera.
The Rolleiflex 3.5F was introduced by the German camera manufacturer Franke & Heidecke in 1954. It was an update to the earlier Rolleiflex 3.5E, with improvements including a brighter viewfinder, an improved focusing screen, and a faster shutter speed. The camera was a hit with both amateur and professional photographers, and it remained in production until 1976.
The Rolleiflex 3.5F is a medium format camera that uses 120 roll film. It has two lenses, one for viewing and one for taking pictures, mounted in a twin-lens reflex configuration. The viewing lens is a 75mm Zeiss Planar lens with a maximum aperture of f/3.5, while the taking lens is also a Zeiss Planar lens, but with a maximum aperture of f/2.8.
One of the most notable features of the Rolleiflex 3.5F is its waist-level viewfinder. This allows the photographer to look down into the camera and compose the shot using a ground glass screen. This method of composing a shot can be slower than using a traditional viewfinder, but many photographers find it more immersive and enjoyable.
The camera also features a built-in light meter, which was a relatively new addition to cameras at the time of the 3.5F’s release. The light meter is coupled to the shutter speed dial and aperture ring, allowing for easy and accurate exposure adjustments.
Another feature of the Rolleiflex 3.5F is its solid construction. The body is made of metal and leather, and the lenses are housed in a sturdy metal housing. This makes the camera feel substantial in the hand and gives it a sense of durability.
Using the Camera
Using a twin-lens reflex camera like the Rolleiflex 3.5F requires a bit of practice, but it can be a rewarding experience for photographers who enjoy the process of taking pictures. To take a picture with the camera, the photographer first composes the shot using the waist-level viewfinder. They then adjust the focus using a knob on the side of the camera and set the aperture and shutter speed based on the light meter readings.
Once the shot is composed and the exposure settings are dialed in, the photographer presses the shutter release button, which is located on the front of the camera body. The film is advanced using a knob on the side of the camera, and the photographer can continue taking pictures until the roll of film is used up.
The Rolleiflex 3.5F is a classic twin-lens reflex camera that has earned its place in photographic history. Its solid construction, waist-level viewfinder, and built-in light meter make it a joy to use, and its Zeiss lenses produce stunning images. If you are interested in antique cameras or are simply looking for a new photographic challenge, the Rolleiflex 3.5F is definitely worth considering.
Rolleinar of All Sizes
My most fav accessory for Rolleiflex and Rolleicord – a few steps closer to the subject. the bay i rolleinars can also be used perfectly on other TLRs such as yashic 124G, yashica D, Yashica Mat, Minolta Autocord, Ricohflex, etc.
Re-stitching a Camera Case
A beautiful collection of used rolleiflex ever-ready leather cases: find out more here
Back in the days before the ubiquitous use of vinyl, camera cases were made of leather. These old cases were sturdy, gave good protection to the cameras, and when cared for properly were quite beautiful. As with the cameras they were made for many of the cases are in sad shape now. The leather dries out, gets torn and scuffed and the stitching breaks. If the holes for the original stitching are intact, these cases can be easily re-stitched to make them good as new. Cleaning with saddle soap and then polishing with shoe polish will make them look almost new.
The case show below is for an Agfa Silette. It is dirty, scuffed and the stitching has come loose. Otherwise, the case is in good shape. So, I’m going to re-stitch then clean and polish it.
The original stitching was done by machine. Machine stitching uses two threads, one on each side of the seam. The top thread is pushed through the hole, loops around the bottom thread and then passes back through the same hole. This is repeated all the way around the seam. You can duplicate this exact stitching if you want. I have done it and it looks very nice. It is also very tedious to do.
When hand stitching it is much easier to use a different technique. You pass the thread up through the first hole then back down through the next hole. When you have gone all the way around the seam, you go around again only this time go down through the first hole and back up through the second hole. The end result looks just like the original machine stitching pattern, is just as strong, but is much easier.
For thread, go to a fabric store and ask for upholstery thread. This is a heavy weight cotton thread designed for leather and vinyl. You can try to match the color of the original thread, but as you’ll see below, an off-white thread will usually be just as good. Once you polish the leather, the polish will dye the thread and the result will be nearly identical to the original color. Since you are following the original holes, you don’t need a needle that will punch through leather. Any needle with an eye big enough to pass the upholstery thead will work. I doubled the thread on the case below, but I don’t think it was really necessary. A single thread would be easier to work with.
Most cases have a plush velvet lining. You will want to brush the lining with a small brush (like an old tooth brush) and vacum out any dirt. I have a small vacum that was designed for cleaing electroning equipment and it works perfectly for this. If the lining has come loose, just glue it back down. Contact cement works OK, or any general purpose glue such as Elmer’s should work as well.
Here is a link to another site that shows a slightly different way to do the same thing: Re-Stitching a Camera Case
|In this picture I’m about half-way around the top with the first set of stitches. Note the gaps between the holes.|
|Here I’ve gone all the way round and about half-way with the second set of stitches. You can see how the second stich fills in the gaps between the first set.|
|Here it is completed. Note there is a gap at the bottom. I didn’t measure out enough thread and couldn’t get the last stitch in. (Sigh…)|
|Here is the case all finished. I’ve polished it with some chocolate brown boot polish. The polish dyed the thread so that it now looks just like the original. I used a small fiberglass burnishing brush to clean up the metal pieces. Some Flitz polish could also be used to remove any tarnish.
If kept clean and polished, the case should be good for a long time to come.