Category Archives: Photos

Rolleiflex 3.5F – The Legend

NEW Untitled
by m|art

by *KL*

by *KL*

Floréncia/Firenze Who looks at Sergio?

Top 10 Most Famous Photographers of All Time

1. Ansel Adams is probably the most easily recognized name of any photographer. His landscapes are stunning, and he achieves an unparalleled level of contrast using creative darkroom work. You can improve your own photos by reading Adams’ own thoughts as he grew older, when he wished that he had kept himself strong enough physically to continue his work.

2. Yousuf Karsh has taken photographs that tell a story, and that are more easily understood than many others. Each of his portraits tells you all about the subject. He felt as though there was a secret hidden behind each woman and man. Whether he captures a gleaming eye or a gesture done totally unconsciously, these are times when humans temporarily lose their masks. Karsh’s portraits communicate with people.

3. Robert Capa has taken many famous war-time photographs. He has covered five wars, even though the name “Robert Capa” was only the name placed to the photos that Endre Friedman took and that were marketed under the “Robert Capa” name. Friedman felt that if you were not close enough to the subject, then you wouldn’t get a good photograph. He was often in the trenches with soldiers when he took photographs, while most other war photographers took photographs from a safe distance.

4. Henri Cartier-Bresson has a style that makes him a natural on any top ten photographer list. His style has undoubtedly influenced photography as much as anyone else’s. He was among the first to use 35mm film, and he usually shot in black and white. We are not graced by more of his work since he gave up the craft about 30 years before he passed away. It’s sad that there are fewer photographs by Cartier-Bresson to enjoy.

5. Dorothea Lange took photographs during the Great Depression. She took one photo of a migrant mother that is also titled by that name, and is said to be one of the best-known photographs in history. In the 1940′s, she also photographed the Japanese internment camps, and these photographs show sad moments in American history.

6. Jerry Uelsman created unique images with composite photographs. Being very talented in the darkroom, he used this skill in his composites. He never used digital cameras, since he felt that his creative process was more suited to the darkroom.

7. Annie Liebovitz does fine photographic portraits and is most well known for her work with Vanity Fair and Rolling Stone magazine. Her photographs are intimate, and describe the subject. She was unafraid of falling in love with the people she photographed.

8. Brassai is the pseudonym for Gyula Halasz, and he was well known for his photographs of ordinary people. He was proof that you don’t have to travel far to find interesting subjects. He used ordinary people for his subjects, and his photos are still captivating.

9. Brian Duffy was a British photographer who shot fashion in the 60′s and 70′s. He lost his photographic interest at one time, and burned many negatives, but then began taking photos again a year before he died.

10. Jay Maisel is a famous modern photographer. His photos are simple, and he doesn’t use complex lighting or fancy cameras. He often only takes one lens on photo outings, and he enjoys taking photos of shapes and lights that he finds interesting.

Of course there are other famous photographers that may be a part of your top 10 list. There is much to be learned in the art and craft of photography and from those who inspire us most.

About the Author:

Morris Pawtucket writes about the famous photographers throughout history who have changed the way we see.

via Top 10 Most Famous Photographers of All Time – PictureCorrect.

Equivalent Lens Focal Lengths For Different Film Sizes

Photographers usually are most familiar with one camera format, typically 35 mm. They have a good feel for the angle of coverage of lenses in this familiar format but find that their instincts fail them when they switch to a different size film. The following table shows which lenses provide equivalent angles of coverage among film formats.

Determining the 35 mm focal length equivalent for a 2 1/4 Square format camera lens is an apples to oranges comparison unless you set some specifications for framing and print aspect ratio. Once you do that, the principle of similar triangles makes it quite easy to calculate. Here is a table of 35 mm lens equivalences for various Hasselblad lens listed in terms of equivalent angle of coverage for the specified print aspect ratio conditions:

35 mm Equivalents For Hasselblad (2 1/4 Square) Camera Lenses
6×6 cm Lens Largest Square Largest 8 X 10 Largest 11 X 14 Full 35 mm
40 mm 17.3 mm 21.6 mm 22.0 mm 26.0mm
50 mm 21.6 mm 27.1 mm 27.6 mm 32.6mm
60 mm 26.0 mm 32.5 mm 33.1 mm 39.1mm
80 mm 34.6 mm 43.3 mm 44.1 mm 52.1mm
120 mm 51.9 mm 64.9 mm 66.1 mm 78.1mm
150 mm 64.9 mm 81.2 mm 82.7 mm 97.7mm
180 mm 77.9 mm 97.4 mm 99.2 mm 117 mm
250 mm 108 mm 135 mm 138 mm 163 mm
350 mm 151 mm 189 mm 193 mm 228 mm
500 mm 216 mm 271 mm 276 mm 326 mm
FACTOR 0.433 0.541 0.551 0.651

These calculations are based upon stock Hasselblad 120 mm and Nikon 35 mm film apertures. The Hasselblad aperture measures 2.15 inches square. The Nikon aperture measures 0.93 inches high by 1.40 inches wide.

  • The factor for largest square is calculated as follows: 0.93 inches / 2.15 inches = 0.433
  • The factor for largest 8 X 10 is calculated as follows: ((0.93 inches / 8 inches) X 10 inches) / 2.15 inches = 0.541
  • The factor for largest 11 X 14 is calculated as follows: ((0.93 inches / 11 inches) X 14 inches) / 2.15 inches = 0.551
  • And finally, the factor for full 35 mm frame is calculated as follows: 1.40 inches / 2.15 inches = 0.651

These lens conversion factors can be used to find the 35 mm equivalent focal length of unlisted 2 1/4 Square format lenses. Just multiply the 2 1/4 Square format lens focal length by the appropriote factor to get its 35 mm equivalent focal lenth.

The same method can be used to compare 4×5 view camera lenses with 35 mm focal lengths.

35 mm Lens Equivalents For 4×5 View Camera Lenses
4×5 Lens Largest 8×10 Largest 11×14 Full 35 mm
90 mm 22.4 mm 22.8 mm 26.9 mm
127 mm 31.62 mm 32.1 mm 38.0 mm
135 mm 33.6 mm 34.2 mm 40.4 mm
150 mm 37.4 mm 38.0 mm 44.9 mm
210 mm 52.3 mm 53.1 mm 62.8 mm
240 mm 59.8 mm 60.7 mm 71.8 mm
300 mm 74.7 mm 75.9 mm 89.7 mm
500 mm 125 mm 127 mm 150 mm
800 mm 199 mm 202 mm 239 mm
1000 mm 249 mm 253 mm 299 mm
2000 mm 498 mm 506 mm 598 mm
FACTOR 0.249 0.253 0.299

Note: To use this table with an 8×10 view camera either divide the 35 mm lens focal lengths by 2 or multiply the 4×5 lens focal lengths by 2.

The 4×5 lens calculations are based upon a film holder aperture of 3.74 inches by 4.68 inches.

  • The factor for largest 8 x 10 is calculated as follows: 0.93 inches / 3.74 inches = 0.249
  • The factor for largest 11 x 14 is calculated as follows: ((0.93 inches / 11 inches) x 14 inches) / 4.68 inches = 0.253
  • The factor for full 35 mm format is calculated as follows: 1.40 inches / 4.68 inches = 0.299

The traditional definition of a normal lens is that its focal length is equivalent to the film diagonal length. In the case of a 2 1/4 Square format it might be useful to modify this definition to specify the largest 8×10 print area of the 2 1/4 film aperture (which coincidentally is closer to 80 millimeters than the square’s diagonal). A normal lens typically has an angle of coverage of about 50 to 55 degrees and is roughly comparable to the useful or working angle of coverage of human vision (the peripheral vision areas serving mostly as a motion detection system).

Comparing lens focal lengths between formats in this way assures equivalent angles of coverage for ultimate print aspect ratio. It is easy to see that 80 mm and 150 mm lenses are normal focal lengths for 2 1/4 Square and 4×5 formats respectively. You can also see that 180 mm and 300 mm lenses are ideal portrait focal lengths for 2 1/4 Square and 4×5 view camera formats.

via Equivalent Lens Focal Lengths For Different Film Sizes –