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Comparative Chart of Rolleiflex Twin-Lens Cameras

 

via Comparative Chart of Rolleiflex Twin-Lens Cameras.

 

Rolleiflex Twin-Lens Cameras built after 1957
Model Features Rolleicord Va / Vb Rolleiflex T Rolleiflex 3.5 F / 2.8 F Rolleiflex 2.8 GX / 2.8 FX
years of fabrication from 1957 to 1977 from 1958 to 1976 from 1958 to 1981 1987-2002 / 2001-
film format 120 and 135 (Rolleikin) 120 and 135 (Rolleikin) 120, 220 and 135 (Rolleikin) 120
images on 120/220 rollfilm 12 frames 6×6,
16 frames 4.5×6 or
24 frames 28mmx40mm (120)
12 frames 6×6 or
16 frames 4,5×6 (120)
12 frames 6×6 (120) or
24 frames 6×6 (220)
12 frames 6×6 (120)
adaptor back for 6,5×9 plates and cut-film yes yes yes no
Zeiss Optics (taking lens) no Tessar 3.5 / 75 mm
4 elements 3 groups
3.5 F: Planar 3.5 / 75 mm
5 or 6 elements 4 groups
Planar 2.8 / 80 mm
5 elements in 4 groups,
made by Rollei under Zeiss license
2.8 F: Planar 2.8 / 80 mm
5 elements 4 groups
Schneider Optics (taking lens) Xenar 3.5 / 75 mm
4 elements 3 groups
Xenar (rare) 3.5 / 75 mm 4 elements 3 groups 3.5 F : Xenotar 3.5 / 75 mm 5 or 6 elements 4 groups no
2.8 F : Xenotar 2.8 / 80 mm 5 elements 4 groups
viewing lens Heidoscop 3,2 / 75 mm 3 elements Heidosmat 2.8 / 75 mm 3 elements Heidosmat 2.8 / 75 mm or 2.8 / 80 mm 3 elements Heidosmat 2.8 / 80 mm 3 elements
standard focusing hood folding hood, 2.5X lupe, ” sport ” viewfinder folding hood, 2.5X lupe, ” sport ” viewfinder folding hood, 2.5X lupe, second 4x lupe and second mirror (” sport ” setup) folding hood, 2.5X lupe , ” sport ” viewfinder
optional viewing accessories Va : fixed hood, Vb : as T-model removable ground glass, rigid 2.5X hood, 1.5X prism removable ground glass, rigid 2.5X hood, 1.5X prism removable ground glass, rigid 2.5X hood, 1.5X prism
bayonet mount for filters or close-up lenses (internal) and lens hood (external) size I size I size II (3.5 F), size III (2.8 F) size III
between-lens mechanical leaf shutter Synchro-Compur size CR00, B – 1s to 1/500s Synchro-Compur size CR00, B – 1s to 1/500s Synchro-Compur sizes CR00 or CR0, B – 1s to 1/500s Synchro-Compur CR0, then Seiko / Copal no 0, B – 1s to 1/500s
mechanical self-timer yes yes yes no
standard flash shoe no no no yes
X-synch, electronic flash all speeds all speeds all speeds all speeds
M-synch, flash bulbs yes (first models only) yes (first models only) yes no
first frame film setup semi-auto, paper arrow <-> red dot semi-auto, paper arrow <-> red dot fully automatic, roller-feeler system semi-auto, paper arrow <-> red dot
film advance winding knob, not coupled to shutter folding crank, coupled to shutter folding crank, coupled to shutter folding crank, coupled to shutter
shutter cocking separate, manually on taking lens coupled to film advance coupled to film advance coupled to film advance
safety lock against double exposure yes, can be switched off yes yes, can be switched off yes, can be switched off
speeds and f/stops controls lever on taking lens, EV coupling lever on taking lens, EV coupling front thumb-wheels on side of lenses front thumb-wheels on side of lenses
display of speeds and f/stops side windows on taking lens top windows on viewing lens, with printed belts top windows on viewing lens, with geared engraved rings top windows on viewing lens, with geared engraved rings
built-in exposure meter no external un-coupled selenium cell (optional), diffusor for incident light readings external inter-coupled selenium cell (optional), diffusor for incident light readings silicon sensor for available light (viewing lens), and TTL flash SCA 300 (metered by reflection off the film)
camera works without battery yes yes yes yes, except exposure meter system
weight (without film) Va 875g, Vb 940g 1020g 1220g 1235g

Common features:

  • twin-lens reflex, 6×6 format on 120/220 rollfilm, non-removable twin-lens panel,
  • focusing by translation of the twin-lens panel, controlled by a left-hand focusing knob,
  • automatic compensation for parallax by moving frames under the ground glass.

Other twin-lens Rolleiflex models built in the same period:

  • Rolleiflex 3.5E / 2.8E, very similar to 3.5 F / 2.8 F, uncoupled optional exposure meter,
  • Rolleimagic with battery-less automatic exposure system,
  • Tele-Rolleiflex (fixed telephoto lens, 135 mm)
  • Wide-Angle Rolleiflex (fixed wide-angle lens, 55 mm)
  • ” Baby ” Rolleiflex 4×4 (127 film only)

Common accessories:

  • twin lens cap, leather neck strap and leather ever-ready case,
  • bayonet filters, close-up twin-lenses with built-in parallax compensation,
  • quick-release tripod plate “Rolleifix” (highly recommended)

References:

  • “Rollei-Werke, Rollfilmkameras”, Prochnow, Claus, Rollei-Report Volume II (twin-lens Rolleiflex and SL66), ISBN 3-89506-118-2, LINDEMANNS (1994)
  • “Rollei-Werke, Rollei Fototechnic 1958 bis 1998”, Prochnow, Claus, Rollei-Report Volume IV (projectors, flashs, 2.8GX), ISBN 3-89506-141-7, LINDEMANNS (1997)
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